Assaluyeh is a town in southern Iran, in Bushehr
Province. Located on the shore of the Persian Gulf some 270 km SW of
the provincial capital of Bushehr, it is best known as the site for
the land based facilities of the huge PSEEZ (Pars Special Energy
Economic Zone) project. The town itself is of minor significance,
although it is common practice to refer to PSEEZ (established 1998)
and Asaluyeh town collectively as Assalouyeh. Asalouyeh is located
at: (27°30′N 52°36′E).
Asalouyeh processes gas from the South Pars Gas
Field (approx. 100 km offshore), via multiple pipelines. More
pipelines are being constructed as more phases come online. This gas
field is in effect the same gas field processed on the other side of
the gulf, in Qatar. The Iranian South Pars field is the northern
extension of Qatar's North Field (as it is known), which in fact
straddles the economic zones of Iran and Qatar. The Qatari's have
been processing the gas since 1991, long before the PSEEZ came to
If viewed together, the South Pars/North Field is the largest gas
field in the world. If viewed apart, Qatar's North Field is thought
to be larger.
The share of Iran from this field is 450 trillion cubic feet of gas
equal to 6.8 percent of the World’s Gas.